Quick Facts - The Colorado River Indian Tribes Reservation (C.R.I.T.)

Publication Year: 
2008
Publication Type: 
Article
Citation: 
University of Arizona, AZ1462
FRTEP - 1862

This article give quick facts about the Colorado River Indian Tribes Reservation.

The Colorado River Indian Tribes (C.R.I.T.) Reservation includes almost 300,000 acres of land in Arizona and California and includes 90 miles of river shoreline along the Colorado River. The C.R.I.T. Reservation, the second Indian Reservation in Arizona, was established in 1865 for the “Indians of said River and its Tributaries.” Initially, this included the Mohave, whose ties to the land date from prehistoric time and the Chemehuevi who, for generations, have also resided along the Colorado River from present-day Nevada south into Mexico. In 1945, a portion of the Reservation was reserved for colonization by Indians from other tribes, specifically the Hopis and Navajos. Today, the Colorado River Indian Tribes includes four distinct Tribes - the Mohave, Chemehuevi, Hopi and Navajo. There are currently about 3,500 active Tribal members made up of individuals from all four Tribes. The primary community on the C.R.I.T. Reservation is Parker, Arizona, which is located on a combination of Tribal land, leased land owned by C.R.I.T. and private land owned by non-Native individuals and companies. Poston is another, smaller community located approximately 12 miles south of Parker on the reservation. During World War II, Poston was the site of one of the United States’ largest Japanese internment camps, where thousands of Japanese Americans were held over a three year period.